Researchers have discovered a trigger that spurs bladder cancer to become invasive and spread to other parts of the body. Invasive bladder cancer is much harder to treat, and the discovery increases hope of new treatments that target this cause.
Online PR News – 07-August-2013 – Washington – USA (http://www.zeepharmacy.co): Researchers have discovered a trigger that spurs bladder cancer to become invasive and spread to other parts of the body. Invasive bladder cancer is much harder to treat, and the discovery increases hope of new treatments that target this cause. The disease affects men more than women. The best- found risk factor for bladder cancer in both men and women is tobacco smoking.
The study suggests the risk of bladder cancer due to smoking is higher than earlier thought, and estimates that a current smoker has four times the risk of developing the cancer versus a non-smoker. In invasive bladder cancer, the tumor grows into the deeper muscle walls of the bladder. Once this happens, there is a high risk the cancer will travel to other parts of the body. By this stage, survival rates sink rapidly, with only a quarter of patients likely to survive three years after diagnosis and treatment.
Bladder cancer can be easily treated if caught early enough, once it starts to attack into deeper tissues and spread to distant sites, it is a much more difficult, painful and life-affecting cancer to live with.
The molecule at the center of the investigation is a protein called pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI), which is found in most bladder cancers. The study also found that PSTI plays an important role in the signaling process that allows the cancer to spread.
They ran a number of tests that showed PSTI appears to encourage cell migration and tissue irruption, but does not appear to help cell proliferation. The discovery suggests that targeting this process could lead to new treatments.
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Camili Smith is a Medical Student and a freelancer who is specialized in writing. He is associated with many Pharmacies for whom he writes news based on generic drugs like Generic Viagra, generic amoxicillin.