Human Rights watch Laos calls upon Lao and Vietnamese authorities to build the relationships that will mutually benefit the peoples of both countries.
03/16/2010

Vietnam’s Tay Tién expansion into Laos and Cambodia.

Vietnamese communists continue their policy of neocolonization, nibbling away at Cambodia and Laos by annexing sizable portions of its borders. Their latest scheme is involves flooding three northeastern provinces of Cambodia and the three southeastern provinces of Laos with Vietnamese settlers and exploiting the natural resources there.

Online PR News – 16-March-2010 – – Human Rights watch Laos calls upon Lao and Vietnamese authorities to build the relationships that will mutually benefit the peoples of both countries.

Vietnam’s Tay Tién expansion into Laos and Cambodia.
By Michael Mike

"I got this paper from Benge Mike by email. He said he presented this paper at the National Conference 2007 to commemorate and assess “The Paris Peace Agreement” of October 23rd, 1991. This short paper gives us wider understanding of Vietnamese Tay Tien and Don Dien policy, Ho Chi Minh is more successful than Joshep Stalin of Soviet Union, and particularly the NEOCOLONIZATION OF VIETNAM IN CAMBODIA. Please, enjoy reading and don't forget to drop some lines as feedback"

It is common belief that the Vietnam War was a civil war when in fact it wasn’t; it was a war of conquest of Southeast Asia, for Ho Chi Minh was not a Vietnamese nationalist rather he was an international communist. Moscow also put him in charge of creating communist parties in Cambodia and Laos.
1.As part of the “Communist Internationale funded by the Soviet Union, Ho Chi Minh founded the "Indochinese Communist Party in 1930. Aping his mentor — the butcher Joseph Stalin – Ho’s ultimate plan was to establish a greater Vietnam by gobbling up his neighbors, Laos, Vietnam, and later other S.E. Asian countries as Stalin and Russia did to its neighbors in establishing the Soviet Union.

From the onset of the Indochina communist party, Ho Chi Minh began neo-colonizing Laos. He, as the majority of the Vietnamese, considered the Laotians, and even more so the Hmong, who had not been cultured by ChinaNha que qua [very backward], therefore they were not to be trusted. That attitude persists among the Vietnamese communists leaders today. Since the Vietnamese had better access to French education, the French colonial government used Vietnamese as lower-echelon civil servants throughout the region, thus playing right into the hands of Ho Chi Minh. Ho began implementing his plan to dominate Indochina by infiltrating educated communist Vietnamese agents into Lao villages with money to set themselves up as scribes, and moneylenders. Acting as liaisons with the French colonial government through the lower-echelon Vietnamese civil servants, they gained considerable influence throughout the countryside. To cement their stature and gain total trust of the villagers, the Vietnamese communist agents took Lao wives and raised families. Now the sons and a few daughters of these Vietnamese make up a fair portion of the Lao communist party leadership.

In Laos, the U.S. waged a "secret war" against Hanoi to interdict communist North Vietnamese troops infiltrating into South Vietnam. The backbone of this secret war was the Hmong ethnic minorities who lost over 40,000 killed while fighting for the United States. It has been over 30 years since the Vietnam War ended; yet a second ”secret war” continues in Laos. However, this secret war is being waged jointly by Vietnamese and Laotian communist forces, this time without American involvement. The war is against the Laotian people, especially the Hmong and other ethnic minorities, such as the Khmu, Mien and Chao Fa.

Hanoi maintains large numbers of troops in Laos to assist the communist Pathet Lao in hunting down and exterminating their joint enemy -- the Hmong. In 1988, the Lao Communist Party proclaimed it would hunt down the “American collaborators” and their families, “to the last root.” They will be “butchered like wild animals.” Those they are hunting are mostly the children, grand children and great-grandchildren of the fighters who sided with the U.S.

Although Ho Chi Minh is dead, the repressive and genocidal regime in Hanoi continues to implement Ho’s 1930 Indochinese Communist Party’s strategy by neo-colonizing Laos and Cambodia; a strategy reaffirmed in successive Vietnamese communist party congresses.
2. Today, the Vietnamese communists have extended their hegemony over Laos and Cambodia and have de facto annexed Laos, which in many ways is now a province of North Vietnam. The Lao party leaders are anointed by Hanoi and receive their marching orders in a Sub Rosa fashion through a Vietnamese shadow government.

Amoeba-like, communist Vietnam began neo-colonizing Laos and Cambodia by the traditional Vietnamese expansionism termed "Don Dien", first by occupying territory with troops, then having their families come in to settle the new territory, then putting the troops into civilian clothes to become "ready reservists" and replacing them with new troops for further expansion.
Vietnam developed new maps depicting their new borders expanding up to 40 kilometers inside Laos and Cambodia.
3. Today, the communist party of Vietnam is faced with a burgeoning population, a lack of natural resources to fuel its economy and enough fertile land on which to grow food to adequately feed its people. In 2005, the communist regime exported Vietnamese workers overseas to Cambodia and Laos.

Vietnamese communists continue their policy of neocolonization, nibbling away at Cambodia and Laos by annexing sizable portions of its borders. Their latest scheme is involves flooding three northeastern provinces of Cambodia and the three southeastern provinces of Laos with Vietnamese settlers and exploiting the natural resources there.

5. In November 2004, Vietnam cajoled the puppet communist regimes of Laos and Cambodia into signing the “Development Triangle agreement.”
6. This agreement allows the Vietnamese to now formalize their expansion through what is historically termed Tay Tién (Westward movement) into the three North Eastern provinces of Stung Trèng, Ratanakiri and Mondolkiri in Cambodia, and into the three South Eastern provinces of Attapeu, Sékong and Saravan in Laos.

The “Development Triangle” is a vast area of high plateaus and virgin forests covering approximately 120,400 square kilometers. With the exception of the provinces in Vietnam where the communist regime has already confiscated the ancestral lands of the Montagnards in the Central Highlands, deforested the area, and relocated several million people there; those provinces in Laos and Cambodia are sparsely populated, mainly with ethnic minorities, but were occupied by the Vietnamese during the Vietnam War.

This “so called development” of these provinces starts with building a “security” road network with the intent to deprive Montagnards fleeing repression in the Central Highlands of Vietnam of sanctuary among their distant relatives in Laos and Cambodia and in the UNHCR camps in Phnom Penh. Although claiming that the roads would increase tourism and commerce in these areas, the real reason is to create easy access for the growing Vietnamese population to migrate to and neo-colonize these provinces in Laos and Cambodia. Already, Vietnamese settlers are flooding Mondulkiri and Ratanakiri provinces in Cambodia occupying lands belonging to the local populations.

The Triangle occupies “an eminently strategic position on the political, economical, social, environmental and ecological levels” for the control of Laos and Cambodia by Hanoi. Japan and China are leading supporters of Vietnam’s expansionism.

Already in Laos, the Vietnamese army’s Military Corps No. 15 has completed an irrigation complex in Sekong for plantation crops, established a coffee plantation in Saravan, and developed plans for setting up coffee, rubber and cashew plantations, and building a 10,000 tonne-per-year rubber processing plant in Attopeu. Atopeu’s new rubber plantation covers an area of over 7,000 hectares.7 The Laos Government is about to issue the VN Quang Minh company a license to establish a rubber plantation in the Attopeu Province. It is the first rubber plantation project in this location, with a surface of 3,000ha over a period of 50 years; the investment needed is of USD 14 million. The GoL has likewise given authorization to another VN company, Dakruco, to cultivate rubber on 10,000ha in the Attopeu, Champassak and Saravan Provinces, with a project budget of USD 22 million. Today, around 50 VN enterprises wish to invest in the development of rubber in Laos, mainly in the southern provinces. Vientiane, 30 janvier 2007 (AVI)

The ‘Triangle’ area is only one of many places that the Vietnamese expansionists have moved into in order to exploit the natural resources of Laos; e.g., there are six hydroelectric dams that were constructed and are owned and operated by the Vietnamese to power Vietnam’s booming economy.
Construction on these dams is expected to begin in 2012 upon the completion of the Japanese-funded highway connecting the port of Da Nang in Vietnam with the northeastern provinces of Cambodia, and the southeastern provinces of Laos.
8. Corruption and a lack of progress in combating it remain a major blight on Asia's restructuring efforts following the 1997 crisis. Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam also lost ground in 2007, according to Transparency International.
9. Another reason for its expansion into Laos and Cambodia is Vietnam’s conflict between food production, industrialization and building dams to power its economic growth. In the last five years, Vietnam has lost 300,000 hectares of irrigated rice due to industrial development, including a vast amount lost through the construction of dams. This is creating a looming shortage of rice needed to feed it burgeoning population.

10. Those who choose to remain behind to farm the basins below the dams find that two or three times a year, uncontrolled spillage from the dams will flood their fields, destroy their crops and drown their livestock.

11. Although he’s dead, Hanoi is well on its way in the implementation of Ho Chi Minh’s 1930 aspirations of creating a Soviet-style Indochina.

________

Paper presented by Michael Benge at the National Conference 2007 to commemorate and assess “The Paris Peace Agreement” of October 23rd, 1991 (with attached “Final Act of the Paris Conference on Cambodia”). October 20 & 21, 2007.

Mr. Benge is a retired Foreign Service Officer who spent over 16 years in South East Asia, 11 years in Viet Nam, and five years as a Prisoner of the North Vietnamese -- ‘68-73 – in South Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and North Vietnam. Mr. Benge is a student of South East Asian politics, is very active in advocating for human rights and religious freedom for the people there, and has written extensively on these subjects. He resides in Falls Church, VA, and can be contacted through email at: Bengemike@aol.com

Literature cited
1Hoang Van Hoan as cited by Moyar, Mark. “Triumph Forsaken.” Cambridge University Press. 2006.
2RSAMH, Fund 89, list 54, document 10. About VWP policy in determination of Indochinese problems and our goals implying from the decisions of the ??IV Congress of the C.P.S.U. (political letter). May 21, 1971, p. 14. as cited in “The Khmer Rouge and the Vietnamese Communists.”
Human Rights watch Laos calls upon Lao and Vietnamese authorities to build the relationships that will mutually benefit the peoples of both countries.

Best Regards,
Bounkhong Arounsavat
President of Human Rights Watch Laos
Date 16/3/2010

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