The requirements of importers to Egypt of textiles and leather products were set out in the Egyptian Ministerial Decrees 626/2011 and 660/2011.
Online PR News – 12-July-2012 – Germany – Before products may be sold in Egypt, all imported leather, which includes raw leather, leather products, bags, artificial leather, shoes and their components, all of which are defined by Ministerial Decree 660/2011, are subject to examination for quality control and must conform to Egyptian standards. In addition, leather products are subject to the Egyptian safety specifications ESS 6535/2008 “General Requirements of Manufactured Leather” and ESS 7322/2011 “Safety & Hygiene in Leather, Leather Products & Parts.”
The physical testing requirements of Egyptian safety specifications ESS 6535/2008 and ESS 7322/2011 include: resistance to tear with a minimum of 30 kg/cm for natural leather and 20 kg/cm for artificial leather; minimum 4 for colorfastness to dry rubbing and 3 to wet rubbing for natural leather and minimum 3 for colorfastness to dry/wet rubbing for artificial leather; maximum moisture content of 18%, ash of maximum 2.5%, a minimum of 3 for colorfastness to perspiration, a minimum 3.5 pH and a maximum of 30,000 flexions for resistance to flexing for both natural and artificial leather; natural leather requires a minimum of 6 for colorfastness to light, but 4 is sufficient for artificial leathers; natural leather must also generally be free of PCP.
ESS 6535/2008 also specifies the product label includes the product name and the trade mark, contents, size (for a belt) and the country of origin.
The chemical testing requirements in ESS 7322/2011 (http://egypt.nlembassy.org/binaries/content/assets/postenweb/e/egypte/netherlands-embassy-in-cairo/import/products_and_services/business-news/attachment-bib-january---leather-egyptian-standard.doc) specify a maximum of 75 mg/kg of formaldehyde for textiles, but for leathers this is 150 mg/kg; azo dyes are generally not permitted, but there is an exception of navy blue in leathers of 0.1% w/w, but not in textiles; the content of a list of phthalates may each not exceed 0.1% in textiles, artificial leather or coated natural leather; likewise the cadmium content may not exceed 0.01% in printed textiles, artificial leather or coated natural leather; the nickel released from any metal parts may not exceed 0.5 µg/cm² per week; limits are specified for textiles and all leathers for a list of soluble heavy metals including lead at less than 90 mg/kg and mercury at less than 60 mg/kg, however a limit of 3 mg/kg is imposed for chromium VI in natural leather; PCP is restricted to 1 mg/kg in natural leather and textiles, but is permitted up to 5 mg/kg when used to manufacture parts of footwear from woods, such as cork; VCM, a monomer of polyvinylchloride (PVC) is permitted up to 1 mg/kg in natural and artificial (PVC) leathers.
Throughout its global network of laboratories and offices, SGS offers high quality testing and certification services for textiles (http://www.sgs.com/en/Consumer-Goods-Retail/Softlines-and-Accessories/Textile-and-Clothing/Audits-and-Certification.aspx), footwear and accessories. For further information, please contact SGS.
SGS Consumer Testing Services
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Siu Lek Yuen Shatin, N.T.
t: +852 2334 4481
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